A sentence stands alone to express a complete thought. Surprisingly, most 5th graders still need to revisit the concepts of complete sentences and fragments and how to punctuate the four different kinds of sentences. Combining shorter sentences into longer, more complex sentences is another skill that requires practice. Students get all of that needed review in this unit, in addition to learning how to identify and fix run-on sentences.
A deeper comprehension of clauses and conjunctions will help your young writers understand the building blocks of language. Practice with conjunctions will also help them create more complex sentences and correct run-on sentences.
It’s easy to start a sentence, but where to stop? Run on sentences are a common problem for kids just getting used to writing paragraphs. Help your kid give run-ons a rest with our materials about how to prevent them. We’ve got practice worksheets,but also games and activities to make it fun, drills to test their knowledge, and lesson plans and articles for when you need a hand!
Students are often taught early on what represents a complete sentence. A complete sentence must begin with a capital, end with the appropriate punctuation mark, and contain a complete clause with a noun and a predicate. Without these things, the sentence would be considered a fragment. What students also need to understand and avoid, though, is the other end of the spectrum: the run-on sentence.
Types of Run-On Sentences
When two or more independent clauses are properly joined, they become a compound clause or sentence. When improperly joined, however, they are called a run-on sentence. One example of a run on sentence is simply two independent clauses put together with nothing separating them:
George went to the library he loved to read and watch the people come and go.
Another type of run-on sentence is called a comma splice. This is when a writer attempts to create a compound clause but only puts a comma between the two independent clauses, leaving out any type of conjunction.
George went to the library, he loved to read and watch the people come and go.
Correcting Run-On Sentences
There are ways to correct a run-on sentence.
Separate the two clauses completely with a period
George went to the library. He loved to read and watch the people come and go.
Use a comma and a coordinating conjunction
George went to the library, because he loved to read and watch the people come and go.
Practicing identifying and correcting run-on sentences using the resources provided by Education.com above may help students to avoid them in their writings.