Every parent and teacher gets frustrated by interjections once in a while. But interjections are more than just interruptions; more specifically, they are an independent word or expression, and express a feeling or reaction.
Interjections don’t always interrupt a statement, but can come as a response at the end of one. The Education.com worksheets below include a handful of games that will have your students interjecting with, “What! Cool!”
At their simplest, interjections are unplanned, impromptu expressions of feelings or reactions. These comments sometimes interrupt, though they also sometimes wait until the end of a statement.
There are different categories of interjections, which can overlap with other types of words, such as fillers, discourse markers, and even profanities. These different interjection types are often separated into primary and secondary interjections.
Primary interjections don’t have another meaning. Examples include:
- Hesitation markers: One of the most common in speech, this type of interjection includes comments such as ‘uh,’ ‘er,’ and ‘um.’
- Exclamations: Common reaction parts of speech. While reading, students may come across a radically different point of view that makes them cry out in surprise with “Wow!”
Secondary interjections have independent meanings, but also get used as interjections. These include:
- Greetings: “Hey!” and “Bye!” are both interjections, no matter whether they come before or after a statement.
- Response particles: “Okay,” “m-hm,” “huh?,” and “oh!” all have their own meaning, and can also be used as interjections.
A further distinction is single word versus phrases. You and your students may have heard of such interjections as “Oh dear!” and “Excuse me!”
The next time one of your students interjects in class, seize the moment, even if it is an interruption, and make it a teachable one. Give your students a pop interjections word search or worksheet from above, and see if they can identify all of the possible exclamations, hesitation markers, greetings, and responses they use every day.