Figurative Language Resources

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Figurative Language
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What is a Metaphor?
What is a Metaphor?
Worksheet
What is a Metaphor?
Using figurative language is a great way to boost your child's writing skills and creativity. With the help of this worksheet, she'll be a metaphor master.
3rd grade
Reading & Writing
Worksheet
Onomatopoeia: Bing, Bam, Boom!
Onomatopoeia: Bing, Bam, Boom!
Lesson Plan
Onomatopoeia: Bing, Bam, Boom!
Bing! Bam! Boom! In this bombastic lesson, students will learn about onomatopoeia and create word art to describe the sounds these words make.
3rd grade
Reading & Writing
Lesson Plan
Metaphors in Context
Metaphors in Context
Worksheet
Metaphors in Context
Use this activity to help students find and decipher metaphors in the context of short passages. Students will read the passages, record what is being compared in each, and then seek to explain the metaphors' meanings in their own words.
2nd grade
Reading & Writing
Worksheet
Similes: Clear as Crystal
Similes: Clear as Crystal
Worksheet
Similes: Clear as Crystal
As quiet as a mouse or as quiet as a cucumber? Kids will learn the definition of a simile, then use pictures as clues to complete the similes.
3rd grade
Reading & Writing
Worksheet
Figurative Language
Figurative Language
Lesson Plan
Figurative Language
Figurative language is so tricky, especially for English Learners! Use this lesson to introduce the concept with a focus on similes and metaphors.
2nd grade
Reading & Writing
Lesson Plan
What's a Metaphor?
What's a Metaphor?
Lesson Plan
What's a Metaphor?
In this lesson, students complete worksheets and engage in peer discussions to learn more about metaphors. Young writers will love making their own creative metaphors.
5th grade
Reading & Writing
Lesson Plan
Review: Metaphors and Similes
Review: Metaphors and Similes
Worksheet
Review: Metaphors and Similes
Review metaphors and similes by underlining each time Paulo uses them in his postcard to Katherine. Then, students will practice writing their own!
4th grade
Reading & Writing
Worksheet
Pick a Peck of Poetry
Pick a Peck of Poetry
Workbook
Pick a Peck of Poetry
What's a metaphor? How do you haiku? Kids will hone reading and writing skills with this book, from a simple syllable counting exercise to inventing rhymes and tangling with the Jabberwocky!
3rd grade
Reading & Writing
Workbook
Similes and Metaphors: Comparisons Done Right
Similes and Metaphors: Comparisons Done Right
Lesson Plan
Similes and Metaphors: Comparisons Done Right
Your little poets will love how their creative writing abilities will grow with this lesson about similes and metaphors. Students engage in fun activities to learn about similes and metaphors and write comparisons as directed.
4th grade
Reading & Writing
Lesson Plan
Alphabet Alliteration
Alphabet Alliteration
Worksheet
Alphabet Alliteration
Have some fun with the alphabet as you learn all about alliteration! Create an alliteration for every letter of the alphabet.
1st grade
Fine arts
Worksheet
Mixed Review Language Arts Assessment
Mixed Review Language Arts Assessment
Worksheet
Mixed Review Language Arts Assessment
In this mid-year assessment, students will apply their language arts knowledge to a broad set of problems.
4th grade
Reading & Writing
Worksheet
Similes 2
Similes 2
Exercise
Similes 2
Your students will be all smiles when learning how to compare objects with this similes exercise.
4th grade
Reading & Writing
Exercise
Onomatopoeia
Onomatopoeia
Exercise
Onomatopoeia
Students will have a blast playing with this exercise that shows how spelling onomatopoeias comes from real-life sounds.
5th grade
Reading & Writing
Exercise
Making Sense of Figurative Language 1
Making Sense of Figurative Language 1
Worksheet
Making Sense of Figurative Language 1
Your students will infer the meaning of unknown figurative language examples by using context clues.
3rd grade
Reading & Writing
Worksheet
Figurative Language: Identifying Alliteration
Figurative Language: Identifying Alliteration
Worksheet
Figurative Language: Identifying Alliteration
Alliteration is a fun way to play with language! Use this resource with your students to practice identifying examples of alliteration
3rd grade
Reading & Writing
Worksheet
Literal and Nonliteral Language
Literal and Nonliteral Language
Worksheet
Literal and Nonliteral Language
Use this worksheet to teach your students to write compound sentences with the support of sentence frames as they differentiate between literal and nonliteral meanings of idioms. Don’t forget the context clues!
3rd grade
Reading & Writing
Worksheet
Hy-per-bowl-e
Hy-per-bowl-e
Lesson Plan
Hy-per-bowl-e
Your students will consider this lesson the "Super Bowl" of all lessons as they learn to use hyperbole to enhance their own writing.
5th grade
Reading & Writing
Lesson Plan
Making Similes as Easy as Pie
Making Similes as Easy as Pie
Lesson Plan
Making Similes as Easy as Pie
This lesson will give students an opportunity to have fun while learning about and using similes.
4th grade
Reading & Writing
Lesson Plan
Write Your Own Similes
Write Your Own Similes
Worksheet
Write Your Own Similes
After introducing similes, give kids a chance to be creative with this writing activity! Students will have fun comparing all kinds of things of their choosing using the prompts, and you'll love watching them use and grow their figurative language skills.
2nd grade
Reading & Writing
Worksheet
Silly Similes
Silly Similes
Worksheet
Silly Similes
Let's get as silly as a goose with these similes! Students will get creative as they finish simple similes with this introductory worksheet. After they finish, give them a chance to share their favorites with the class!
2nd grade
Reading & Writing
Worksheet
Play on Words
Play on Words
Worksheet
Play on Words
With this word play worksheet students will practice identifying words and phrases that have deeper meaning, such as oxymorons and puns.
4th grade
Reading & Writing
Worksheet
Eggcellent Easter Idioms
Eggcellent Easter Idioms
Lesson Plan
Eggcellent Easter Idioms
Take a short journey down this Easter Idiom-themed rabbit hole! Your students will use context clues to identify the meaning of the Easter idioms. They will then create their own sentence using an Easter idiom.
4th grade
Reading & Writing
Lesson Plan
Match the Meaning
Match the Meaning
Worksheet
Match the Meaning
If your students need support in matching obscure words with the deeper meaning, invite them to use the clues on this worksheet to match words and phrases with their corresponding meanings.
4th grade
Reading & Writing
Worksheet
Puns with Homophones #1
Puns with Homophones #1
Worksheet
Puns with Homophones #1
Your students will have fun identifying the homophones in these hilarious puns!
5th grade
Reading & Writing
Worksheet
Puns with Idioms
Puns with Idioms
Worksheet
Puns with Idioms
Challenge your students to use what they know about idioms to find the double meaning in these silly puns. They will ‘get a kick’ out of it!
5th grade
Reading & Writing
Worksheet

Figurative Language Resources

Figurative language is the more colorful partner of literal language. It uses words or expressions that may not be the actual, or literal, meaning, but conveys a more in-depth or heightened understanding of what the writer is trying to say. Figurative language can be found in different types of writing such as prose and nonfiction, but it is most common in poetry. Figurative language comes naturally to very young children, though they may not necessarily know the formal types. With our resources, help them hone their understanding and mastery of figurative language.

Figurative Language 101

Where literal language is “just the facts,” figurative language is just the facts plus some extra. It adds vibrancy to language in a number of ways by not necessarily sticking to precise definitions. Here are the most common types of figurative language that young students will enjoy learning:

Simile
A simile compares two different things in an interesting way. It uses the words “like” or “as” to achieve more depth in the language.
Examples: My bedroom is as clean as a whistle. She entered the room like an angry storm.

Metaphor
A metaphor is like a simile in that it compares two things, but metaphors do not use the “like” or “as.” It simply states that one thing is something else.
Examples: My sister is an angel. My love for my children is a vast ocean.

Personification
Personification is a kind of metaphor in which human qualities are assigned to things that aren’t human or even alive, like nature or emotions.
Example: The stars winked at us from the sky.

Hyperbole
Hyperbole is a fun one to learn because it lets you exaggerate language for emphasis or effect.
Example: I’m so hungry I could eat a horse!

Symbolism
Symbolism is using symbols to give significance to objects, events, or relationships. Symbolism can also take the form of a metaphor.
Example: Life is a roller-coaster, so hang on for the ride.

Onomatopoeia
Onomatopoeia is a word conveyed as a sound effect. It’s one of the most fun uses of figurative language for young readers, as it makes words come alive on the page.
Example: The water splish-splashed down the slide.

There are many more types of figurative language that add vibrancy to language. Students will enjoy learning all about them and become more imaginative writers in the process.