Compound and Hyphenated Compound Words

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Compound Words
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Compound Word Fish
Compound Word Fish
Game
Compound Word Fish
Compound words are made up of two separate words. Kids create compound words to feed Roly in this matching game.
2nd grade
Reading & Writing
Game
Second Grade Independent Study Packet - Week 5
Second Grade Independent Study Packet - Week 5
Workbook
Second Grade Independent Study Packet - Week 5
Get Week 5 of our independent study packet resources for second graders.
2nd grade
Fine arts
Workbook
Reading Puzzling Words
Reading Puzzling Words
Lesson Plan
Reading Puzzling Words
What happens when you put two words together? Help your kindergarten students understand the concept of compound words using this ocean-themed lesson.
Kindergarten
Reading & Writing
Lesson Plan
Vocabulary 1
Vocabulary 1
Guided Lesson
Vocabulary 1
Vocabulary development helps second graders advance their reading and writing skills. This guided lesson uses exercises and techniques targeted to building vocabulary. Kids will be tasked with using descriptive adjectives, distinguishing between similar verbs and adjectives, and using context clues to determine the meaning of a word phrase. For more vocabulary boosters, check out the worksheets that align with this lesson.
2nd grade
Reading & Writing
Guided Lesson
Grammar Practice
Grammar Practice
Workbook
Grammar Practice
This workbook gives second graders practice in punctuation, and helps to develop their vocabulary with contractions and compound words.
2nd grade
Reading & Writing
Workbook
Stress-Free Spelling Practice
Stress-Free Spelling Practice
Workbook
Stress-Free Spelling Practice
This workbook is packed with challenging third grade spelling words that your child can practice writing and applying to his or her vocabulary.
3rd grade
Reading & Writing
Workbook
Vocabulary in Focus
Vocabulary in Focus
Workbook
Vocabulary in Focus
This workbook builds reading comprehension by reinforcing vocabulary with word puzzles, homophones and a few quick reading pages.
2nd grade
Reading & Writing
Workbook
Word Meaning 1
Word Meaning 1
Guided Lesson
Word Meaning 1
This year, third graders will be taking their vocabulary to new heights and exploring such concepts as metaphor, simile, hyperbole, and personification. This guided lesson in vocabulary and figurative language offers clear and practical definitions of new words and expressions, along with plenty of practice opportunities. Understanding vocabulary and figurative language deepens reading comprehension skills and enriches the writing process.
3rd grade
Reading & Writing
Guided Lesson
Word Meaning 2
Word Meaning 2
Guided Lesson
Word Meaning 2
Words are the wondrous building blocks in language. This unit increases students’ word knowledge by introducing more challenging vocabulary and exploring how words are related. Learners will also discover some of the ways words are constructed using derivational root words, prefixes, suffixes, and compound words. Students will get to explore and create fun literary devices such as similes, idioms and metaphors.
4th grade
Guided Lesson
Word Addition: Compound Words 1
Word Addition: Compound Words 1
Worksheet
Word Addition: Compound Words 1
Using a picture as a clue, kids put two words together to make a compound word for each item on this second grade reading worksheet.
2nd grade
Reading & Writing
Worksheet
Compound Word Connections
Compound Word Connections
Lesson Plan
Compound Word Connections
Help your students master compound words with compound words creations! Using an arts-integrated approach, this lesson incorporates diagrams and illustrations that can lead to understanding the fuller meanings of compound words.
2nd grade
Reading & Writing
Lesson Plan
Vocabulary 2
Vocabulary 2
Guided Lesson
Vocabulary 2
This unit not only builds students' vocabulary, it also enables students to explore how words are related, in meaning, sound and construction. Learners will also discover some of the ways words are constructed using derivational root words, prefixes, suffixes, and compound words. Students will also learn strategies we use to shorten words and phrases like acronyms and abbreviations.
5th grade
Reading & Writing
Guided Lesson
Human Dictionary
Human Dictionary
Lesson Plan
Human Dictionary
When reading, we all encounter unknown words at times. But how do we figure them out? In this lesson, students learn how to become a “human dictionary” by using a variety of strategies to figure out the meaning of unknown words.
2nd grade
Reading & Writing
Lesson Plan
Guess the Compound Word
Guess the Compound Word
Worksheet
Guess the Compound Word
Compound words are just words that are made by putting two smaller words together. With this worksheet, students will work backwards from definitions to guess the compound words and expand their vocabulary.
2nd grade
Reading & Writing
Worksheet
Word Addition: Compound Words 3
Word Addition: Compound Words 3
Worksheet
Word Addition: Compound Words 3
Kids will make compound words out of two smaller words. Make "gold" and "fish" into "goldfish in this fun compound words worksheet.
2nd grade
Reading & Writing
Worksheet
Compound and Hyphenated Compound Words 1
Compound and Hyphenated Compound Words 1
Exercise
Compound and Hyphenated Compound Words 1
This Education.com exercise makes it clear to students how to break down compound and hyphenated words correctly.
4th grade
Reading & Writing
Exercise
Combining Words
Combining Words
Lesson Plan
Combining Words
Condense and combine! In this lesson, students will learn how to combine words to form contractions and hyphenated compound words. Spelling becomes easy when it’s just a matter of pairing words up!
5th grade
Reading & Writing
Lesson Plan
Vocabulary Focus
Vocabulary Focus
Lesson Plan
Vocabulary Focus
Use this lesson to explicitly teach unknown vocabulary words to students using structured language practice strategies. This can be used a stand alone activity or a support lesson.
2nd grade
Reading & Writing
Lesson Plan
Word Search for Kids: Beach Fun
Word Search for Kids: Beach Fun
Worksheet
Word Search for Kids: Beach Fun
Find the hidden words that relate to the beach in the word search.
2nd grade
Reading & Writing
Worksheet
Second Grade Fall Review Packet - Week 2
Second Grade Fall Review Packet - Week 2
Workbook
Second Grade Fall Review Packet - Week 2
Week 2 of our Second Grade Fall Review Packet features five days of engaging learning activities designed to help learners prepare for their second grade debut.
2nd grade
Science
Workbook
Winter Word Search
Winter Word Search
Worksheet
Winter Word Search
It may be cold outside but it's never too cold for learning! Your child will build her vocabulary as she searches for words related to winter.
3rd grade
Reading & Writing
Worksheet
Meaning of Compound Words 1
Meaning of Compound Words 1
Exercise
Meaning of Compound Words 1
Develop students’ skill at applying prefixes and suffixes with this exercise that demonstrates how compound words are formed.
2nd grade
Reading & Writing
Exercise
3rd Grade Spelling Test: Compound Words
3rd Grade Spelling Test: Compound Words
Worksheet
3rd Grade Spelling Test: Compound Words
Practice spelling some common compound words with this spelling test and activity.
3rd grade
Reading & Writing
Worksheet
Compound Words
Compound Words
Worksheet
Compound Words
Challenge your beginning reader to practice making compound words! He'll match one set of words with another set to create a list of compound words.
2nd grade
Reading & Writing
Worksheet
Tools for Tackling Words
Tools for Tackling Words
Lesson Plan
Tools for Tackling Words
Sometimes looking inside a word can help determine the meaning just like using context clues! In this lesson, students will learn to use roots and affixes as clues to the meaning of a word.
4th grade
Reading & Writing
Lesson Plan

Compound and Hyphenated Compound Words

There are three groups of compound words: hyphenated, closed, and open. Closed compound words do not have a hyphen, but still merge two words together to make a new word. Open compound words remain two separate words, but still create a new meaning.

Students can use Education.com worksheets to get creative, and add many compound words to their vocabulary, whether closed, hyphenated, or open.

Learn More About Compound Words

Because students get excited about tapping into their knowledge, you’ll find them eager to create compound words. There are three types of compound words.

At first, open compound words may be simplest for students. Open compound words have separate and distinct words that carry a new meaning. The following are examples of open compound words:
  • School bus
  • Car wash
  • French fries
  • Ice cream
Hyphenated compound words may seem slightly more complicated to students, but are also easy to understand once students have examples to follow. To form hyphenated compound words, simply bring the two words together, but keep them separated by inserting a hyphen in between:
  • Father-in-law
  • Left-handed
  • Long-term
  • Life-size
Closed compound words sometimes seem crammed together, but if students look closely they will often find the exact spelling of each word perfectly preserved. Closed compound word examples include:
  • Firefly
  • Newspaper
  • Sailboat
  • Watermelon
When it comes to recognizing compound words within larger texts, students who first practice recognizing syllables will find it much easier. By being able to identify where parts of words begin and end, students will be able to pick out the different parts of a compound word much more quickly.

One classroom activity idea is to have students call out different words, which the teacher writes on the board. Once 15-20 words are on the board, students can take turns trying to put them together to form compound words.

For effective independent work, have students play with the Education.com worksheets and activities above to grow comfortable with compound words.