### Lesson plan

# Whose is Longer?: Decimals in Expanded Form

#### Learning Objectives

Students will be able to write decimals in expanded form.

#### Introduction

*(15 minutes)*

- Write "523.912" on the board.
- Have students read the decimal out loud in proper form (five hundred twenty-three and nine hundred twelve thousandths).
- Give students tips on saying it properly and correct any misconceptions about pronunciation.
- Repeat if needed.
- Pose this question: What is the place value of the digit 3?
- Have students discuss in their pairs or groups. Encourage them to think deeply about the question.
- Have a few students share their ideas, and discuss the question as a whole group.
- Explain that the value is one and the digit tells us there are three of them.

#### Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling

*(20 minutes)*

- Write "489.215" on the board.
- Have students copy it down on their whiteboards and read the number to their partner.
- Encourage students to coach each other.
- Pose this question: What is the place value of the digit 9?
- Have students discuss with their groups.
- Encourage students to explain their reasoning.
- Explain how the place value of the 9 is ones so we have 9 ones.
- Ask students to write an equation to explain this.
- Scaffold their understanding to get to the point where they understand that the expression of the value of the 9 in the ones place is (9 x 1).
- Pose this question: What is the place value of the 8 and how would we express that in an equation?
- Have students discuss with their partners.
- Discuss as a whole group and write the equation on the board (8 x 10).
- Repeat with the the other digits until you have (4 x 100) (8 x 10) (9 x 1) (2 x 0.1) (1 x 0.01) (5 x 0.001) on the board.
- Ask students how all of these equations equate to the original number of 489.215.
- Discuss as a whole group.
- Lead students to the understanding that each equation represents a digit and the place value of the original number.
- Explain that students will use this information to play a game.

#### Guided practise

*(30 minutes)*

- Have students get into pairs and cut out the decimal cards.
- Have them mix the cards up and place them in a pile.
- Instruct the students to each take a card and not let the other person see it.
- Have them write their numbers in expanded decimal form following the example that is still on the board.
- When both partners are done, have them count to three and flip their boards over, showing their decimal in expanded decimal form to their partner.
- The partner who has the most expressions (most digits) wins that card.
- The player with the most cards when the game is over is the winner.

#### Independent working time

*(10 minutes)*

- Distribute the Decimals in Expanded Form worksheet and have students complete it independently.

#### Differentiation

**Enrichment**Have advanced students also compare the decimals to see which one has the largest decimal.**Support**Have students who need support play the game using a place value chart so they can recall the value of each place.

#### Assessment

*(10 minutes)*

- Collect the worksheets and separate students into groups who need further assistance.
- Look for students who are not putting the addition sign in between terms and put them into a group.
- Look for students who are not multiplying the digits by the appropriate place values and put them into a group.
- Pull these groups aside during the next day's activities to clear up any misconceptions.

#### Review and closing

*(5 minutes)*

- Have students each write on a sticky note one thing they felt successful with and one thing they struggled with today.