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Roll the Dice: Skip Counting by Fives
Students will be able to multiply single digit numbers by five. Students will be able to skip count.
- Begin the lesson by asking your students if anyone has a birthday that ends in a 0 or 5.
- Explain to your class that they will learn about multiplying by 5 through skip counting.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling(15 minutes)
- Display a blank Hundreds Chart, and remind your students that multiplication is repeated addition.
- Display a Hundreds Chart with the 5s and 10s column highlighted, and show them the visual pattern made by the numbers that end in fives and zeros.
- Point to the first number on the highlighted hundreds chart.
- Model how to skip count by 5s to the number fifty while pointing to the hundreds chart.
- Point out that the digit in the ones place alternates between 5 and 0.
- Explain to students that the first number, five, represents how many times the number has been multiplied, which is 1.
- Explain to students that the equation for this problem would be 5 x 1 = 5.
- Ask students to create another equation based on the next highlighted square.
- Ask one volunteer to skip count by five on the chart and produce the number equation.
Guided practise(5 minutes)
- Show the students the blank Hundreds Chart again and instruct them to take out their whiteboard and whiteboard marker.
- Give your students each one dice, and instruct them to roll the dice once. Instruct them to multiply the number displayed on the dice by five.
- Have them say the equations quietly, draw the equation by showing the numbers in groups, and write the equation.
- Once they’ve finished four examples, have them switch with a peer.
Independent working time(5 minutes)
- Distribute a copy of the Skip Counting: Roll, Skip, Draw, and Write worksheet to each learner.
- Instruct them to continue rolling the dice and practising independently. Encourage them to do this without the Hundreds Chart in front of them.
- Give your students two dice, and instruct them to add together the numbers on the dice to multiply by five
- Instruct them to work on the Count by Fives or the Dot to Dot Zoo worksheet with the help of the grid.
- Gauge how your students are doing as you walk around the room, jotting notes about areas of struggle and success. Observe whether or not they are using the chart to multiply.
- Instruct students to take out a whiteboard and whiteboard marker. Roll the dice and show students the number. Have them write the equation on their whiteboard and find the answer.
- Ask students to display their answers, and note which students show proficiency and which require reteaching.
- Display an example solution with the equation and a drawing on the board. Put a mistake in the drawing and ask students to identify the error and how to fix it.
Review and closing(5 minutes)
- Gather the students together, and call out single digit numbers,
- Have a volunteer come up to the board to write the equation out.
- Instruct another student to solve and write the answer next to the equation.