Lesson plan

Simple Addition

Give your students a head start in maths with this lesson that teaches them how to add single-digit numbers together using manipulatives.
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Students will be able to add two single-digit numbers together.

(10 minutes)
  • Call the students together as a group.
  • Ask them if they know how to add.
  • Take responses by raised hands.
  • Show the students two manipulatives.
  • Ask a student to add the two manipulatives.
  • Take responses by raised hands.
  • Reiterate to the students one plus one equals two.
  • Write the equation 1 + 1 = 2 on the whiteboard.
  • Inform students that today they will learn to add.
(10 minutes)
  • Write the following vertical equations on the whiteboard 1+3= ___, 3+2= ___, and 4+2= ___.
  • Explain to students that addition can be done using manipulatives.
  • Complete the first addition problem with one manipulative in each hand.
  • Inform students that in order to complete the addition equation the items must be added altogether.
  • Ask the students to count the manipulatives repeating after you.
  • While holding up the manipulatives one at a time, count to four.
  • Inform the students that one plus three equals four.
  • Complete the addition problems 3+2 and 4+2 in the same way.
(10 minutes)
  • Give each student a pencil and a blank piece of paper.
  • Give each student two sets of manipulatives to add together. Don't give anymore than 5 in each set.
  • Ask students to count the number of manipulatives in each set, and record the amounts on a piece of paper.
  • Ask students to add the two numbers together.
  • Walk around the room and check the students' addition problems.
  • Give the students assistance when needed.
(10 minutes)
  • Give each student a Simple Addition #4 worksheet and a pencil.
  • Read the instructions to the students.
  • Allow them to complete the worksheet.
  • Enrichment:Give the students a worksheet without manipulatives. Evaluate if they can add doing mental maths. Allow students to add numbers higher than 5.
  • Support:Give the students a worksheet to count items and write the number to represent the amount of items.
(10 minutes)
  • Grade the worksheet completed during independent working time.
  • Give feedback and allow for reinforcement if the student did not master the concept of addition.
(10 minutes)
  • Call the students together as a group.
  • Have them use their fingers to add numbers together.

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