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Simile vs. Metaphor
Students will understand and recognise the similarities and differences between similes and metaphors.
- Have students each create a T-chart on lined paper to compare and contrast the similarities and differences between similes and metaphors.
- Create a T-chart on the board.
- Have students volunteer to share their thoughts and create a class version of their T-charts.
- Advise students to add to their charts as needed.
- Remind students that SimilesAre analogies that compare two things using “like” or “as.” Also remind them that MetaphorsAre analogies that compare two unlike things without using “like” or “as”
- Explain to students that in this lesson, they will identify and explain the meanings of similes and metaphors and create a writing of their own that uses both.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling(10 minutes)
- Have a student volunteer read the story on the Metaphors and Similes worksheet.
- Have students identify the similes and metaphors in the story by underlining them and writing them on the spaces provided on the worksheet.
- Guide students as they identify the examples of each by reminding them that similes use “like or “as” and metaphors do not.
Guided practise(10 minutes)
- Have students work in pairs or small groups to complete the Mixed practise: Similes and Metaphors worksheet.
Independent working time(20 minutes)
- Tell students that this assignment will require them to use these literary devices in their own writing.
- You can provide students with a topic or allow them to choose their own topics.
- Have students write a short paper that includes a minimum of five metaphors and five similes.
- Enrichment:Allow advanced students to create a product of their choosing that demonstrates their knowledge of the two figurative devices.
- Support:Have struggling students create a simile vs. metaphor anchor chart as a graphic organizer to be used throughout the lesson. It should remind them of the similarities and differences between the two.
- Review the basic similarities and differences between similes and metaphors again.
- Have students create a Frayer Model for each of the two terms.
Review and closing(5 minutes)
- Have students explain in their own words what they learned today .
- Allow students to ask questions that they still have.