### Lesson plan

# Roll the Die! All About Probability

#### Learning Objectives

Students will identify the probability of outcomes using a die.

#### Introduction

*(15 minutes)*

- Explain to students that they will be learning about a statistic called
**Probability**. - Write the word "Probability" and the definition, the likelihood that something will happen, on the board.
- Hold up a die and ask the students how many numbers are on the die.
- Roll the die a few times and record the numbers rolled on the board.
- Lead a conversation with the students to discuss the probability of how likely it is to roll a number until students realise the probability of rolling any number on a die is 1/6.

#### Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling

*(5 minutes)*

- Display the Roll the Die! worksheet for the class to see.
- Hand out the Roll the Die! worksheets to your class and read the directions.
- Hand out the dice.
- Model to the students how to properly roll the die so that it stays on their desks and explain any other expectations you have for their handling of dice.
- Model to the students how to record the tally marks on their sheet by rolling the die and tallying the marks on the display.

#### Guided practise

*(20 minutes)*

- Instruct the students to complete the table on the Roll the Die! worsheet.
- Walk the room and monitor students and assist as needed.
- Once students have finished rolling, ask for volunteers to share the amount of times they rolled the die for each number and their total number of rolls.
- Show students how to convert their number of rolls for each number and the total number of rolls into a fraction.
- Instruct students to complete the Roll the Die! worksheet.

#### Independent working time

*(10 minutes)*

- Hand out the Heads or Tails worksheet for the students to independently complete.
- Walk around the room to assist students as necessary.

#### Differentiation

**Enrichment:**Challenge advanced students to create a graph of the Roll the Die! table on a separate piece of graph paper.**Support:**Allow students who need support to work in pairs or in a group during independent work time.

#### Assessment

- Use the completed Roll the Die! and Heads or Tails worksheets as an informal assessment.

#### Review and closing

*(10 minutes)*

- Display the Heads or Tails worksheet and go through the worksheet together with the class or have students volunteer answers after independent work time.