Lesson plan

Proper Noun Town

Knowing when to capitalize can be confusing. This lesson serves as a review on which types of nouns require a capital letter. Students will love designing their own towns while learning about the distinction between common and proper nouns.
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Students will be able to accurately capitalize proper nouns.

(5 minutes)
Proper Noun Town RubricA Capital Idea
  • Ask students to pair up and discuss the question What is a noun?
  • Give students a minute to discuss, then ask a few volunteers to share their answers.
  • Clarify that nouns are people, animals, places, and or things. Have students provide a few examples of each.
(10 minutes)
  • On the board, make a list of student' examples of nouns.
  • If a student names a proper noun, separate it from the list of common nouns (but do not capitalize it).
  • After creating a list of about 15-20 nouns, tell students that they will be watching a video which explains more about a special type of noun.
  • Ask students to think during the video about why the nouns they named were separated into two groups.
  • Play the Noun TownVideo.
  • Ask students why they think you made two columns instead of one.
  • Start to capitalize the proper noun list and ask for a volunteer to give a name to each column.
  • Ask students to turn and talk to their partners again.
  • This time, ask them: What is a proper noun?
  • Invite volunteers to share their definitions.
  • Develop a class definition for proper nouns. Make sure to emphasize that Proper nounsRefer to specific people, places, or things.
(10 minutes)
  • Introduce the Proper Noun Town project.
  • Model the process of drawing a school and giving it a name. Use all lowercase letters and ask students if it looks right.
  • Explain that if you called the building "a school", it would be a Common noun. However, it has a specific name, so the words all need capital letters.
  • Allow students time to brainstorm lists of proper people, places, and things which could be proper nouns you would find in a town. Make a list of students' suggestions on the board.
(25 minutes)
  • Distribute the white construction paper and art supplies.
  • Have students draw common town buildings and label them with proper nouns.
  • Circulate the room and monitor students as they work.
  • Enrichment:Use the "challenge" rubric for advanced students.
  • Support:Use the "differentiated" rubric for struggling students.
(10 minutes)
  • Distribute the A Capital Idea worksheet.
  • Have students complete it independently.
  • Collect the worksheets once they're done, and review them later to assess student comprehension.
(10 minutes)
  • Have each student share his town with two other students
  • Say a few common nouns aloud. For each common noun, ask students for 4-5 examples of a corresponding proper noun.

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