Lesson plan

Proper Noun Town

Knowing when to capitalize can be confusing. This lesson serves as a review on which types of nouns require a capital letter. Students will love designing their own towns while learning about the distinction between common and proper nouns.
GradeSubjectView aligned standards

Students will be able to accurately capitalize proper nouns.

(5 minutes)
Proper Noun Town RubricA Capital IdeaGet into Grammar: Capitalizing Proper Nouns
  • Ask students to pair up and discuss the question What is a noun?
  • Give students a minute to discuss, then ask a few volunteers to share their answers.
  • Clarify that nouns are people, animals, places, and or things. Have students provide a few examples of each.
(10 minutes)
  • On the board, make a list of student examples of nouns.
  • If a student names a proper noun, separate it from the list of common nouns (but do not capitalize it).
  • After creating a list of about 15-20 nouns, tell students that they will be watching a video which explains more about a special type of noun.
  • Ask students to think during the video about why the nouns they named were separated into two groups.
  • Play the Noun TownVideo.
  • Ask students why they think you made two columns instead of one.
  • Start to capitalize the proper noun list and ask for a volunteer to give a name to each column.
  • Ask students to turn and talk to their partners again.
  • This time, ask them: What is a proper noun?
  • Invite volunteers to share their definitions.
  • Develop a class definition for proper nouns. Make sure to emphasize that Proper nounsRefer to specific people, places, or things.
(10 minutes)
  • Introduce the Proper Noun Town project.
  • Model the process of drawing a school and giving it a name. Use all lowercase letters and ask students if it looks right.
  • Explain that if you called the building "a school", it would be a Common noun. However, it has a specific name, so the words all need capital letters.
  • Allow students time to brainstorm lists of proper people, places, and things which could be proper nouns you would find in a town. Make a list of students' suggestions on the board.
(25 minutes)
  • Distribute the white construction paper and art supplies.
  • Have students draw common town buildings and label them with proper nouns.
  • Circulate the room and monitor students as they work.
  • Enrichment:Use the "challenge" rubric for advanced students.
  • Support:Use the "differentiated" rubric for struggling students.
(10 minutes)
  • Distribute the Get into Grammar: Capitalizing Proper Nouns worksheet.
  • Have students complete it independently.
  • Collect the worksheets once they're done, and review them later to assess student comprehension.
(10 minutes)
  • Have each student share his town with two other students
  • Say a few common nouns aloud. For each common noun, ask students for 4-5 examples of a corresponding proper noun.

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