Lesson plan

Producers and Consumers!

Use this lesson to have your students learn about producers and consumers by pretending to be one.
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Students will be able to differentiate between producers and consumers.

(5 minutes)
  • Tell your students that today they will be learning about producers and consumers.
  • Ask your students if they know what a producer and consumer are.
(10 minutes)
  • Explain to your students that a ProducerIs a creature that makes its own food. An example of a producer is a plant.
  • Explain to your students that a ConsumerIs a creature who eats food made by someone else.
  • Explain to your students that there are two types of consumers. First level consumers are herbivores who eat plants. Second level consumers are carnivores. Carnivores eat herbivores.
(40 minutes)
  • Ask your students to get into groups of three.
  • Ask each group to write a script that has a producer, a first level consumer, and a second level consumer. The script should express the feelings of each character.
  • Ask each student to draw a mask for their character using paper plates.
  • After that, have each group come up and act out their skit.
  • An example could be the plant being a producer, a rabbit being a first level consumer, and a lion being a second level consumer.
(15 minutes)
  • Ask each student to write a paragraph explaining the role of a producer, a first level consumer, and a second level consumer.
  • Ask your students to write why each one is important to the ecosystem.
  • Enrichment:Ask your students to get a shoe box and cover it using green and brown construction papers. Ask your students to draw a producer, a first level consumer, and a second level consumer on Styrofoam. Ask your students to cut it out and cover it with the appropriate colour of the animal using construction paper. Ask your students to stick them in the shoe box. Tell your students that they have to connect. An example of connecting could be that a lion eats the rabbit while the rabbit eats the grass. Tell them to draw pictures of trees, leaves and their first and second level consumers on the sides of the box as well. They could also draw and colour on white paper to cut and stick on the box.
  • SupportAsk your students to draw three bubble organizers. Each top bubble should have 3-5 smaller bubbles attached. Ask your students to label the top bubbles producers, first level consumers, and second level consumers. Ask your students to fill the bottom bubbles with their respective examples.
(10 minutes)
  • Say six plants or animals out loud.
  • Ask your students to identify them as a producer, a first level consumer, or a second level consumer on notebook paper.
(15 minutes)
  • Ask your students to get in a circle.
  • Name an animal and ask the first student to identify it as a producer, a first level consumer, or a second level consumer. Ask that student to say another animal or plant. Have the next student identify the plant or animal that the first student said and say another animal or plant.
  • Go around the circle until all students get a turn.

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