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Poetry: Figurative Language
Students will be able to identify some of the different types of figurative language in poetry.
- Introduce Emily Dickinson and give a quick history of her as a poet.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling(10 minutes)
- Review some different types of figurative language.
- Point out that there are three important types to think about for the poem you're about to read: Personification(speaking of something non-human as though it were human), Simile(comparing something to something else using "like" or "as"), and Metaphor(comparing something to something else by saying it IsThat thing).
Guided practise(20 minutes)
- Display "The Moon Was But a Chin of Gold" using the document camera and projector. Distribute copies of it to the class.
- Read the poem aloud.
- Each time you come across figurative language, underline it and ask students to identify what type of figurative language it is.
- Students should underline it on their sheet as well.
Independent working time(10 minutes)
- After finding all the instances of figurative language, read the poem again without stopping.
- Ask students, "Is the poem really about a moon, or can it represent something else in life?"
- Have them answer the two questions on the second page of the worksheet.
- Pull struggling students aside during Independent Working Time to review the different types of figurative language.
- Advanced students can be challenged to write another stanza for the poem. If all students are advanced, you can allow them to find the figurative language in the poem independently.
- Have students share their answers to the questions on the second page.
- Assess students based on how well they understood the poem's content.
Review and closing(5 minutes)
- Review the definitions of personification, simile, and metaphor.