August 6, 2015
By Caitlin Fahey

Lesson plan

Poetry: Figurative Language

(4 ratings )
Download lesson plan
Do you need extra help for EL students? Try the Personification practisePre-lesson.
EL Adjustments
GradeSubjectView aligned standards
Do you need extra help for EL students? Try the Personification practisePre-lesson.

Students will be able to identify some of the different types of figurative language in poetry.

The adjustment to the whole group lesson is a modification to differentiate for children who are English learners.
EL adjustments
(5 minutes)
  • Introduce Emily Dickinson and give a quick history of her as a poet.
(10 minutes)
  • Review some different types of figurative language.
  • Point out that there are three important types to think about for the poem you're about to read: Personification(speaking of something non-human as though it were human), Simile(comparing something to something else using "like" or "as"), and Metaphor(comparing something to something else by saying it IsThat thing).
(20 minutes)
  • Display "The Moon Was But a Chin of Gold" using the document camera and projector. Distribute copies of it to the class.
  • Read the poem aloud.
  • Each time you come across figurative language, underline it and ask students to identify what type of figurative language it is.
  • Students should underline it on their sheet as well.
(10 minutes)
  • After finding all the instances of figurative language, read the poem again without stopping.
  • Ask students, "Is the poem really about a moon, or can it represent something else in life?"
  • Have them answer the two questions on the second page of the worksheet.


  • Pull struggling students aside during Independent Working Time to review the different types of figurative language.


  • Advanced students can be challenged to write another stanza for the poem. If all students are advanced, you can allow them to find the figurative language in the poem independently.
(10 minutes)
  • Have students share their answers to the questions on the second page.
  • Assess students based on how well they understood the poem's content.
(5 minutes)
  • Review the definitions of personification, simile, and metaphor.

Add to collection

Create new collection

Create new collection

How likely are you to recommend to your friends and colleagues?

Not at all likely
Extremely likely

What could we do to improve

Please note: Use the Contact Us link at the bottom of our website for account-specific questions or issues.

What would make you love

What is your favorite part about