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### Lesson plan

# Multiplication Cups Competition

#### Learning Objectives

Students will be able to apply their multiplication strategies to different activities.

#### Introduction

*(5 minutes)*

- Ask your students to give some strategies they use for multiplication.
- Write their responses on the board.

#### Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling

*(10 minutes)*

- Review the
**Array model strategy**By showing 3 x 2 as an array of 3 rows of dots in two columns. - Show your students the
**Repeated addition strategy**, where 4 x 3 is also 4 + 4 + 4. - Demonstrate how to use the
**Number line model**Strategy. Show your students that they can practise 4 x 3 by jumping on the number line 4 steps at a time for three jumps. - Use examples and draw them on the board.

#### Guided practise

*(10 minutes)*

- Give each student a different multiplication problem on an index card.
- Instruct your students to solve the problem on a blank sheet of paper using a strategy discussed previously.
- Have your students raise their papers up when they are finished.
- As a group, work out three of the students' problems.

#### Independent working time

*(10 minutes)*

- Divide your students into pairs.
- Hand each pair of students a set of cups with multiplication problems written on them.
- Challenge your students to answer as many questions as possible.
- Direct your students to stack the cups if they get the answer right. Remind them to be honest when they are self-checking.
- Ask your students to test each other using the strategies reviewed earlier.

#### Differentiation

**Enrichment:**Make cups without the answers on the inside, and have your students play the game with these. Make a puzzle with the answers to multiplication questions.**Support:**Use manipulatives with your students so that they can visually see how multiplication involves grouping.

#### Assessment

*(10 minutes)*

- Give your students clipboards and paper.
- Set up four different stations around the classroom with a multiplication question at each station.
- Instruct your students to number their papers from one to four. Have them write the answers to the questions at the stations corresponding to the number.
- Give your students 2 minutes at each station.
- At the end, collect their papers and evaluate their multiplication skills.

#### Review and closing

*(5 minutes)*

- As an exit ticket, have students write down an example of a time that they had to use multiplication in their daily lives.