Lesson plan

Let's Play Equivalent Fractions!

Fractions can be tricky, but looking at them visually can help your students understand them. This lesson will help students with equivalent fractions, number lines, and making real world connections.
Need extra help for EL students? Try theExplaining Equivalent FractionsPre-lesson.
EL Adjustments
GradeSubjectView aligned standards
Need extra help for EL students? Try theExplaining Equivalent FractionsPre-lesson.

Students will be able to identify and represent equivalent fractions using visual fraction models.

The adjustment to the whole group lesson is a modification to differentiate for children who are English learners.
EL adjustments
(5 minutes)
Equivalent Fractions
  • Put students in groups of 3.
  • Give each group a different amount of candy in multiples of 3.
  • Instruct students to divide the candy evenly in the group.
  • Have each group share how many pieces each person ends up with.
(5 minutes)
  • Ask your student what EquivalentMeans. Explain that equivalent means equal.
  • Have them discuss the importance of understanding equivalent fractions. Ask them to discuss how fractions are used in the real world.
  • Use a picture of a pizza to show students how two different pizzas can be cut into different sized slices and how each person can get the same amount.
  • Provide additional examples of equivalent fractions using different shapes (e.g., a rectangle broken up into 4 equal parts with 2 parts shaded is equivalent to a rectangle broken up into 2 equal parts with 1 part shaded).
(10 minutes)
  • Distribute a copy of the Finding Equivalent Fractions worksheet to each learner. Go over the information at the top, and explain how 1/2 and 2/4 are equivalent because you can visually notice that the same amount of the circle is shaded in.
  • Lead students through the first example by counting how many total parts there are in the first cookie (4) and how many are shaded (2). Say, "To create an equivalent fraction, I need to colour in the same area on the second cookie. Let's count up how many total parts there are in the cookie (8) and how many are shaded (4). That shows me that 2/4 and 4/8 are equivalent."
  • Put students into small groups or partnerships and have them complete the remainder of the worksheet.
  • Check the worksheet together as a class, and ask students questions to prompt them to explain their process.
(10 minutes)
  • Write the following fractions on the board:
    • 2/3 = 3/6
    • 2/5 = 4/6
    • 1/3 = 2/6
    • 1/2 = 4/8
  • Have students work independently in their journals to create visual models to prove whether the fractions are equivalent or not.
  • Facilitate a class discussion about the equivalency of the fractions.

Enrichment:Have students draw pictures of real world objects that can be divided evenly.

Support:Work with these students in a small group, and model for them the first problem on the board before they begin their independent work. Show them more pictures of real world objects that can be divided evenly.

(10 minutes)
  • Give students the Equivalent Fractions worksheet.
  • Ask students to put a star next to one of the problems on the page and explain how they know the fractions are equivalent. They should write their answer on the back of the worksheet.
(5 minutes)
  • Write two fractions on the board, and have some volunteers come up to draw visual models and identify whether they are equivalent.
  • Call on other students to share whether they agree or disagree with their peer's work.

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