September 9, 2015
By Sanayya Sohail

Lesson plan

Know Your Shapes!

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Do you need extra help for EL students? Try the Triangle TimePre-lesson.
EL Adjustments
GradeSubjectView aligned standards
Do you need extra help for EL students? Try the Triangle TimePre-lesson.

Students will be able to identify defining attributes of basic shapes. Students will be able to identify the number of sides that a triangle, rectangle, square, and circle have.

The adjustment to the whole group lesson is a modification to differentiate for children who are English learners.
EL adjustments
(10 minutes)
  • Ask your students if they know what Defining attributeMeans.
  • Explain that it means a characteristic that specifically describes something. For example, a ball is round, so RoundIs its defining attribute.
  • Ask your students to define Non-defining attributeNow that they know what a defining attribute is.
  • Explain that it is a characteristic that could be there one day but could be changed the next day. For example, the orange ball could be painted red, and then it would be a red ball.
(20 minutes)
  • Tell your students that a defining attribute is always present.
  • Ask students a defining attribute about them, such as being able to breathe.
  • Ask students a non-defining attribute about them, such as size, since size changes.
  • Draw 2 columns on the board.
  • Write triangle, square, circle, and rectangle in the first column. Note that the defining attribute for these is the number of sides and being closed.
  • Explain that closed shapes don't have any openings. Draw an example.
  • Invite students to the board to write defining attributes of each shape.
  • Ask students to identify some non-defining attributes of these shapes. Examples might include colour and size.
(30 minutes)
  • Instruct students to complete the Everyday Circle worksheet.
  • Explain that CirclesHave no sides and are closed.
(30 minutes)
  • Direct your students to complete the Everyday Rectangles worksheet.
  • Explain how items that are RectanglesHave 4 sides and are closed.
  • Give your students the Everyday Triangles worksheet to complete.
  • Explain how TrianglesHave 3 sides and are closed.


  • Pass out construction paper. Instruct your students to cut out shapes and create three items made of shapes. For example, your students could make a house. Ask your students to paste their items on a sheet of paper.


  • Cut out triangles, squares, circles, and rectangles for your students. Have students count and write the number of sides on the front of the picture and whether they are open or closed on the back.
(10 minutes)
  • Have your students label a piece of paper from one to four.
  • Direct them to answer questions about the shapes. For example, "How many sides does a triangle have? How many sides does a rectangle have?"
(5 minutes)

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