Lesson plan

Informational Text: Close Reading

Let's learn about natural disasters. After reading through some informational texts, students will use their close reading skills to answer questions about different types of disasters.
Need extra help for EL students? Try theInformational Text: Close ReadingPre-lesson.
EL Adjustments
GradeSubjectView aligned standards
Need extra help for EL students? Try theInformational Text: Close ReadingPre-lesson.
  • Students will be able to answer text-based questions about informational passages.
The adjustment to the whole group lesson is a modification to differentiate for children who are English learners.
EL adjustments
(10 minutes)
Earthquake ScienceHurricane ScienceTornado ScienceTsunami Science
  • Explain to students that being able to comprehend informational text is a very important skill not only in reading, but also in science, social studies, and maths.
  • Display the Explore Tornadoes! worksheet and point out its specific text features (e.g., vocabulary words and definitions, bold words, headings, diagrams, text boxes, timelines, captions, etc.).
(10 minutes)
  • Hand out a copy of the Explore Tornadoes! worksheet to each student.
  • Read the text aloud, pausing to talk about how certain text features help you comprehend the information in the passage.
  • Ask for volunteers to answer the questions at the end of the text.
(10 minutes)
  • Hand out a copy of the Explore Hurricanes! worksheet to each student.
  • Arrange the students into pairs, and have them take turns reading the text and answering the questions.
  • Walk around the room to monitor students and help when needed.
(15 minutes)
  • Distribute a copy of the Explore Earthquakes! worksheet and have them complete the sheets independently.
  • Review the answers to the worksheets as a class and correct any misconceptions.


  • Pair students who need support with students who have a firm grasp on the lesson material.


  • Challenge advanced students to research different natural disasters and create documents similar to the worksheets.
(5 minutes)
  • Assign students the Explore Tsunamis! worksheet to each student and have them complete it as an assessment.
  • Collect students' worksheets after the exercise. Review them later to assess overall comprehension of the lesson content.
(5 minutes)
  • Ask students to share one aspect of informational texts that help them understand what they're reading.
  • Remind students that reading informational text is a skill that they'll be using for a long time.

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