Lesson plan

Happy Birthday Numbers

Cakes, candles, and concepts! Celebrate one-to-one correspondence with this number and quantity party.
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Students will practise one-to-one correspondence.

(5 minutes)
Gift Box
  • Explain to your students that they will match Numbers, or numerals, to their Quantities, or amount.
  • Show some examples by having your students place the corresponding number of objects in each gift box. Each gift box should have a number on it.
(5 minutes)
  • Gather your students, and ask one child to identify his age.
  • Form a piece of playdough into a cake shape.
  • Use a craft stick to carve the number into the front.
  • Then, have your students join you in counting the craft sticks (candles) to match the numeral.
  • Sing "Happy Birthday," and have the student pretend to blow out the candles.
  • Count the sticks again individually as you remove them from the pretend cake.
(5 minutes)
  • Hold up a number card, and ask your students to hold up the corresponding number of fingers.
  • Repeat several times, and check for understanding.
(10 minutes)
  • Give each pair of students a piece of playdough, a handful of craft sticks, plates or trays, and a gift number box from the introduction.
  • Direct them to mold a cake, "write" the number on the front, and place the corresponding number of sticks in their cakes.
  • Have your students take turns with the numbered boxes.
  • Enrichment:Give your students two numbers during the cake activity, and challenge them to practise adding by combining and placing a number of objects on their "cakes".
  • Support:During the assessment, have your students write numbers from one to five instead of one to ten.
(5 minutes)
  • Provide each student with 5 or 10 index cards.
  • Ask your students to label each card with a number from one to 10.
  • Tell your students to place a matching number of stickers, stamps, or fingerprints on each.
(5 minutes)
  • Have the students work with you to create a class number line with the numbers on their index cards.

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