July 30, 2018
|
By Beth Lemon

EL Support Lesson

The Purpose of Fiction Texts

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This lesson can be used as a pre-lesson for the Author’s Purpose in Fiction TextsLesson plan.
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This lesson can be used as a pre-lesson for the Author’s Purpose in Fiction TextsLesson plan.
Academic

Students will be able to determine author’s meaning in fiction texts.

Language

Students will be able to use key vocabulary and comprehension skills to discuss the purpose of fiction texts.

(1 minute)
  • Explain that today students will be discussing the purpose of a short story.
  • Define PurposeAs the reason why something is done.
(10 minutes)
  • Present the rest of the tiered vocabulary words, writing the definitions on the chart paper under each word. Use visuals as you define each word and allow students to discuss how the visual relates to the new word.
  • Using the masking tape, hang each piece of chart paper in different locations around the room, allowing for adequate student spacing.
  • Divide students into eight groups, each of which to add an example, thought, or drawing for an assigned tiered vocabulary word. Provide each group with a different colour of markers or colored pencils so each group's work is distinguishable. Then after 1–2 minutes, have the students switch to the next sheet of paper.
  • Allow students to create and share aloud their own sentences with the new vocabulary words. For example: "My favorite author is Mo Willems."
(8 minutes)
  • Hold up the first book and briefly review the plot before asking students to identify the author's purpose.
  • Ask students to turn and discuss the following question with a partner: "What is the purpose in the story?"
  • Project written sentence frames for students to reference during partner discussion. For example: "I think the purpose is ____Because ____."
  • Ask for the whole class' attention. Have student volunteers share the purpose and how they know, using the sentence frames as references.
  • Repeat the process for each book example.
(10 minutes)
  • Distribute the Author's Purpose: The Princess and the Pea worksheet to students. Project your copy.
  • Explain that Hans Christian Andersen, the AuthorOf this short story, had a PurposeFor writing it. Tell students to be thinking about the purpose as you read.
  • Ask students to follow along with their fingers as you read the story aloud.
  • Ask students to turn and talk to a partner to discuss the following question: "What is the purpose in the story?"
  • Once again, project written sentence frames for students to reference during partner discussion. For example: "I think the purpose is ____Because ____."
  • Provide a word bank and circulate the room answering questions.

BEGINNING

  • Provide students with definitions in both English and their home language (L1) if they are literate in their home language.
  • Allow beginning EL students to form a small group that works with you.

ADVANCED

  • Encourage advanced students to read a new fiction text as partners, then discuss the author's purpose.
(3 minutes)
  • Circulate the room during partner work time, informally assessing reading comprehension, listening, and speaking.
  • Collect the Author's Purpose: The Princess and the Pea worksheets to review for comprehension.
  • Student comprehension and writing abilities should be noted for future small group work.
(3 minutes)
  • Ask for the whole class' attention. Have student volunteers share the purpose and how they know, using the sentence frames as references.

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