Guided Lessons

# Counting on the Farm

Students will love heading to the farmyard as they learn all about early addition in this fun lesson plan! It can be used as a stand alone or support lesson for the Adding Cards lesson plan.
This lesson can be used as a pre-lesson for theAdding CardsLesson plan.

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This lesson can be used as a pre-lesson for theAdding CardsLesson plan.

Students will be able to solve addition problems using numbers 0–5.

##### Language

Students will be able to explain how to solve addition problems using visual supports.

(2 minutes)
• Gather the class together.
• Show the cover of the book Down on the Farm 1, 2, 3And ask, "Does anyone know what a farm is?"
• Allow for a minute or two of think time and then say, "A farm is a place where animals work and live."
(10 minutes)
• Read aloud the book, pausing to notice the numbers on each page and counting aloud.
• Ask questions throughout the book such as, "If there is 1 pig and then there are 2 chickens, how many animals are there in all?"
• Model counting the animals to find out.
• Use the vocabulary cards to explain, "We just practiced finding out how many animals there were in all by solving AdditionProblems. Addition means putting things together to find out how many there are in all.
• Use pages from the book to solve another problem, this time drawing pictures on the board and writing numbers next to each group.
• Model how to read the problem, "2 chickens plus 3 cows equals 5 animals in all."
(5 minutes)
• Sing two verses of "Old MacDonald Had a Farm" with the class, changing the verses to include a number of animals and pausing between verses to invite students to stand up to act as the animals. Make sure to differentiate between groups (e.g., chickens over here, cows over there).

E-I-E-I-O
And on his farm he had one cow
E-I-E-I-O
With a moo moo here
And a moo moo there
Here a moo, there a moo
Everywhere a moo moo
E-I-E-I-O

E-I-E-I-O
And on his farm he had two pigs
E-I-E-I-O
With a oink oink here
And a oink oink there
Here a oink, there a oink
Everywhere a oink oink
E-I-E-I-O

• Ask, "How many animals are on the farm?" Have the students help you count the animals to find the total. Then put all of the animals in a group (e.g., 1 cow and 2 chickens = 3) and sing another verse (e.g., 3 pigs) and invite 3 pigs to stand up. Create a new equation, 3 + 3 =____ to solve with the class.
• Continue for additional verses as time allows.
(10 minutes)
• Display the Chicken Addition worksheet and have students complete the first problem as a whole group, following your directions step by step.
• Instruct students to complete the rest of the worksheet on their own.

Beginning

• Work with a small group of students to practise counting groups and solving addition equations.
• Allow students to count in their home language (L1).

• Introduce addition number sentences to students and provide problems for them to solve.
• Encourage students to explain how to draw pictures to solve a problem.
(5 minutes)
• Observe students at work to assess if they are able to accurately count each group and then add the two groups together to find the total number of animals.
• Collect work samples to assess if students were able to accurately write numbers and solve each problem.
(3 minutes)
• Gather the class back together.
• Use acting to show and solve another addition problem. Use a number line to show another method of problem solving.