Cows do more than just moo on the farm. They allow us to make dairy products like milk, cheese, and yogurt. In this lesson, students will learn about how dairy farms provide milk from cows to create nutritious foods.
Students will know the steps it takes for the dairy farm to get milk from a cow, what foods are made from milk, and how to make homemade butter.
Activate prior knowledge by asking your class about products that are made from milk.
Read Out and About at the Dairy FarmAloud to your students.
Ask your students questions to gauge listening comprehension. Suggestions include: What did you learn in this story? What was your favorite part of the story?
Show your class images of real-life dairy farm with the book, A Day the Dairy Farm.
Be sure to show them how cows have to be kept clean just like us, and need food to grow. Show the children the picture of Silage, and tell them it is made from corn.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling
After skimming A Day at the Dairy Farm, invite your students to look at the last page, with the dairy items.
Ask your students which foods are made from milk.
Once students have shared their answers, explain that dairy farms provide milk for us to drink. They also make other dairy products, such as butter, cheese, yogurt, and ice cream.
Make a list of the new vocabulary words on a whiteboard or on a large sheet of butcher paper, so students can see them easily. Words include: dairy, cows, Holstein cow, silage, udder, footbath
Explain what each word means.
To help reinforce this understanding, make flashcards with pictures and the vocabulary words.
Independent working time
Set up different dairy centers.
Put the grocery ads, glue, and paper plates at one activity centre. Tell the students that here, they will look for dairy items in the grocery ads. When they find dairy products, cut the products out for them.
Have students glue the dairy products to a paper plate.
Put the unopened container of heavy whipping cream at the second activity centre.
Have students take turns shaking the heavy whipping cream, to make butter. It should take about 10 minutes to form, depending on your shakers.
Once the cream feels solid, open up the container and spread the butter on crackers or bread.
Set up a "tasting station" as the third and final activity centre. Set out the dairy products you brought in, and have kids take turns trying them.