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Compare and Contrast Native American Tribes
Students will be able to compare and contrast information about Native American tribes by reading two informational texts.
- Assign students into A-B partnerships, and prompt them to think about the similarities between weekdays and weekends.
- Direct Partner A to speak to his or her partner about the similarities between weekdays and weekends. Set a one-minute timer and direct Partner A to begin. Then, gather students’ attention and call on some B partners to repeat what their Partner A had explained.
- Repeat the process with partner roles reversed. Instruct Partner B to discuss the differences between weekdays and weekends.
- Explain to students that today, they will be looking for similarities and differences between important groups in history.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling(10 minutes)
- Explain to students that when we think about the similarities between two or more things, we Compare. When we look for the differences between two or more things, we Contrast.
- Connect back to the introduction and point out that Partner A was comparing, while Partner B was contrasting.
- Draw a Venn diagram on a sheet of paper and display it on the document camera.
- Show that the middle part of the Venn diagram is where the comparative information goes.
- Point out that the outer sides of the Venn diagram are where the contrasting information goes.
- Label the tops of the Venn diagram with the topics that will go in each. (Weekdays and Weekends)
- Model filling out the Venn diagram with information that students shared from the introduction part of the lesson, in which they compared and contrasted weekdays and weekends.
Guided practise(15 minutes)
- Divide students into small groups of three or four students.
- Give each group a copy of the Environmental Heroes: Rachel Carson and Al Gore worksheet.
- Direct the students to label the top of the Venn diagram with the focus topics. (Rachel Carson and Al Gore)
- Instruct students to collaborate with their groups in order to fill out the three sections of the venn diagram on the last page of the worksheet.
- Encourage students to think critically about similarities and differences about the two topics and to find the evidence in the text by underlining.
- Circulate to encourage, praise, and prompt.
- Gather students’ attention and have the class share out. (Tip: Call on nonvolunteers, call on students to restate what another student said, and call on students to agree/disagree with information that is shared.)
- Create a class copy of the Venn diagram with the students’ shared answers.
Independent working time(15 minutes)
- Explain to students that they will now compare and contrast facts about the history of two important Native American tribes.
- Distribute a copy of the Native American Tribes: Cherokees worksheet and the Native American Tribes: Choctaw worksheet to students.
- Hand out a blank piece of paper to each student.
- Instruct students to draw a Venn diagram on the blank paper.
- Direct students to read the passages independently and complete the Venn diagram with information about the history of the Cherokee and Choctaw Native American tribes.
- Frontload vocabulary (compare, contrast, and terms from the reading passages) with students prior to the lesson.
- Display a Venn diagram with the sections labeled to support students who are unsure of where to place information as they use the graphic organizer.
- Read aloud the passages about the Native American tribes with struggling readers.
- Provide colored highlighters to students to help create visuals within the text of information that is similar and information that is different between the two Native American tribes.
- Develop students’ writing skills by instructing them to take the information from the Venn diagram and turn it into an informational essay. Use the Informational Writing Graphic Organizer as a planning tool before writing or typing the finished product.
- Challenge advanced students to research different Native American groups (such as Hopi, Apachi, or Iroquois) to compare and contrast.
- Give each student an index card, and direct them to put their names on them.
- Display the following question on the board: What is one similarity and one difference between the Cherokee and Choctaw Native American tribes? What is one interesting fact that you learned about the tribes?
- Collect index cards to serve as an exit ticket.
Review and closing(5 minutes)
- Scramble the student partnerships, and give each student time to share what they learned today about the history of the Cherokee and Choctaw Native American tribes.
- Encourage students to share additional questions they have about the tribes.