Lesson plan

Caps For Sale!

In this lesson, students will listen to a story and answer literacy questions throughout. They will then complete a maths activity to go along with the story!
Need extra help for EL students? Try theWhat Happened to the Itsy Bitsy Spider?Pre-lesson.
EL Adjustments
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Need extra help for EL students? Try theWhat Happened to the Itsy Bitsy Spider?Pre-lesson.

Students will be able to identify the beginning, middle and end of a story.

The adjustment to the whole group lesson is a modification to differentiate for children who are English learners.
EL adjustments
(5 minutes)
How Many Hats?How Many Fish?
  • Show students a hat. Ask them to think of another word for a hat. If students do not bring up "cap," then you should.
  • Ask students to see who wears caps at home.
  • Then, show the class the cover of Caps for Sale. Ask students if they have ever read this book.
  • Have students make predictions about what the book is about based on the cover.
(10 minutes)
  • Read students Caps for Sale. Throughout the story, add the hats on your head while you are reading.
  • Have students identify the colour of hats as you put them on your head. Have them repeat "Caps, caps for sale! 50 cents a cap!" with you as you read.
  • When the part of the book arrives where the monkeys are mimicking the main character, have students stand up and participate.
(5 minutes)
  • Ask students to explain what happened at the beginning of the story. Ask students: How many caps were on the man's head? Count them all together.
  • Ask students what happened at the middle of the story What animal stole the hats from the man? Ask the students what they would do if a monkey stole their hats.
  • Lastly, ask students how did the story ends.
(15 minutes)
  • Watch Caps For Sale. Stop it throughout as appropriate to check for understanding.
  • Give students a piece of white construction paper and instruct them to draw a man on the bottom of the page. Encourage them to focus on making a circle for the head, two circles for eyes and to give him a smile!
  • Then, ask students what colour cap the man puts on first (gray). Ask them to add the correct amount of caps to the mans head and glue them on (4).
  • Continue to have them add the correct colour and amount of hats (4 gray, 4 yellow, 4 blue, 4 red) and glue them on appropriately.


  • Give students manipulatives to help them add the hats.


  • Have students complete additional adding worksheets such as the How Many Fish? worksheet.
  • Assess student knowledge throughout the activity by observing the class to make sure they are adding the right colour and the right amount of hats.
(10 minutes)
  • To end the lesson, give students a copy of How Many Hats? and have them complete it independently. Be sure to monitor student work.

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