June 20, 2017
|
By Byron Delcomb

Lesson plan

Analyzing Cause and Effect in Nonfiction Articles

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Do you need extra help for EL students? Try the Cause and Effect in Nonfiction TextsPre-lesson.
EL Adjustments
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Do you need extra help for EL students? Try the Cause and Effect in Nonfiction TextsPre-lesson.

Students will be able to compare cause-and-effect relationships between texts on a shared topic.

The adjustment to the whole group lesson is a modification to differentiate for children who are English learners.
EL adjustments
(10 minutes)
  • Divide your students into pairs and have them make a list of three to five things that can go wrong in their day, listing a cause and effect related to one or more of those events:
    • Event: missed the bus
    • Cause: sister took too long getting ready
    • Effect: got to school late
  • Allow students to share out their events, causes, and effects, making sure to clarify event, causes, and effects.
  • Share with your class the lesson objective: Teach how to analyze cause-and-effect relationships in nonfiction texts on a shared topic. Add that CauseIs an event or idea, while EffectIs what happens As a resultOf the cause.
(5 minutes)
  • Show your students two index cards:
    • Both labeled with the topic "Melting glaciers in the arctic."
    • One subtitled "Cause"
    • The other subtitled "Effect"
  • Preview two nonfiction texts on global warming and draw comparisons to how each text handles the causes and effects of melting glaciers in the arctic.
  • Add two or three detailed notes on each cause and effect index card.
  • Review both note cards with your class and answer any clarifying questions.
(15 minutes)
  • Pass out two index cards per student:
    • Both labeled with the topic "Rising seas"
    • One subtitled "Cause"
    • The other subtitled "Effect"
  • Review two nonfiction texts on global warming that reference rising seas and guide your students through comparisons of how each text handles the cause-and-effect relationship (see article references).
  • Note details on each cause-and-effect card.
(10 minutes)
  • Hand out two index cards per student and a copy of each global warming article (see related media).
  • Have your students select a topic related to global warming and reference the articles to compare related cause-and-effect relationships.

Support:

  • Volunteer topics with clearly referenced cause-and-effect relationships, including heat-trapped gases, sea water expansion, and high gas emissions from cars and factories.

Enrichment:

  • Students can add a third text to their analysis and graph results in a three-ring Venn diagram poster.
  • This lesson can be performed paperless by uploading the assignment and documents to Google Classroom. Notebook carts or computer lab sessions make for a great way to lead your class through the assignment.
  • Texts are digitally accessible via the internet.
(5 minutes)
  • On a sticky note, have your students write a one- to two-sentence summary or drawing of how their texts handled cause-and-effect relationship differently.
  • Have each student stack their index cards with the sticky note on top and collect them as an exit ticket to evaluate understanding.
(5 minutes)
  • Discuss: What perspectives were missing from nonfiction texts in the day's lesson?

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