### Lesson plan

# 3-Digit Multiplication

#### Learning Objectives

Students will be able to solve multiplication problems with a three-digit factor.

#### Introduction

*(2 minutes)*

- Explain, "Today we are going learn how to multiply with
**3-digit numbers**(numbers with a digit in the hundreds place and a value between 100 and 999)." - Review the value of base ten blocks up to 100s. Hold up a one unit block, ten unit block, and 100 unit block.

#### Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling

*(10 minutes)*

- Write a problem on the board, like
**4 x 213**. - Draw and display four circles, and using base ten blocks, build a model illustrating four equal groups of 213.
- Remind students that multiplication can be understood as equal groups or repeated addition, no matter the size of the factors.
- Draw a model of the example you built, demonstrating how to draw hundreds, tens, and ones (see example in resources).
- Write a repeated addition sentence to accompany the model (i.e.
**213 + 213 + 213 = 852**).

#### Guided practise

*(15 minutes)*

- Hand out the 3-Digit by 1-Digit Multiplication worksheet.
- With the class, draw a model for problem one. Students may need to use scratch paper to draw models.
- Have students work with a partner to draw a model for problem two.
- Instruct students to draw a model for problem three independently, then go over the problem together.
- Review the algorithm (multiply the single-digit factor by each place value of the larger factor). Model an example, like
**7 x 649**. - Explain that models help us understand multiplication, but the algorithm can be a more efficient way of finding the product.
- Have students use the algorithm to solve problem four on the worksheet with a partner.

#### Independent working time

*(15 minutes)*

- Instruct students to solve the remaining problems on the worksheet using the algorithm.
- Circulate and offer support as needed.

#### Differentiation

**Support:**

- Provide additional examples before assigning independent work.
- For independent work, assign problems with smaller three-digit factors in place of the worksheet.
- Allow students to use a model to solve if needed.

**Enrichment:**

- Assign challenge problems with two-step word problems (see resources).

#### Assessment

*(5 minutes)*

- Hand out a small piece of scratch paper to each student.
- Write a multiplication problem on the board (i.e.
**437 x 3**). - Have students solve using the method of their choice.
- Collect student work as an exit ticket and check for understanding.

#### Review and closing

*(8 minutes)*

- Show video to review the algorithm if needed (see resources).
- Ask, "Can we use what we learned today to multiply larger factors?"
- Write a 4-digit by 1-digit problem on the board and invite a volunteer to try solving it using the algorithm.
- Ask, "Could we use this algorithm to multiply 5-digit numbers? six-digit numbers?"
- Discuss as a class (i.e. we can use the algorithm to multiply any size factor; the single-digit factor has to be multiplied by each place value in the larger factor no matter how large a number it is).